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高原气象  2008, Vol. 27 Issue (1): 193-201    
论文     
祁连山海北高寒湿地微气象日变化特征
李英年1, 王勤学2, 杜明远3, 赵新全1, 赵亮1, 徐世晓1, 古松1
1. 中国科学院 西北高原生物研究所, 青海 西宁 810001;
2. 日本国立环境研究所, 日本 筑波 305-0053;
3. 日本农业环境技术研究所, 日本 筑波 305-8604
Diurnal Changes of Micro-Climate in Haibei Alpine Wetland in the Qilian Mountains
LI Ying-nian1, WANG Qin-xue2, DU Ming-yuan3, ZHAO Xin-quan1, ZHAO Liang1, XU Shi-xiao1, GU Song1
1. Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810001, China;
2. National Institute for Environmental Studies, 305-0053, Japan;
3. National Institute for Agro-Environmental Science, 305-8604, Japan
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摘要:

利用2004年的观测资料分析了青海海北高寒湿地微气象要素的日变化特征, 结果表明, 辐射、热量平衡各分量日平均变化中, 瞬时最高值出现在中午, 最低在早晨。地面长波有效辐射日最高出现在中午, 日最低出现在下午。地面反射率表现出早晚高白天低的"U"型分布状况, 1月日最低达0.68, 而7月日最低仅为0.12。动量通量、垂直风速、水平风速、摩擦速度等均在下午大, 夜间到清晨小。垂直风速除10月全天为上升运动外, 其他月份夜间还出现下沉运动, 而且冬季明显。海北高寒湿地夏季热强明显, 冷季热强减弱。因湿地长久积水, 地温日变化平稳, 40 cm地温<0℃的维持时间不到2个月, 60 cm地温全年均>0℃, 即季节冻结层浅薄。

关键词: 高寒湿地微气象日变化特征辐射通量    
Abstract:

Based on the measured data, diurnal changes of micro-meteorology in Haibei alpine wetland in 2004 were analyzed in this paper. The results were as follows: The maximum and minimum instantaneous values of diurnal averaged variations of radiation and the components of heat energy balance were observed at the noon and sunrise, respectively. The maximum and minimum values of the surface long-wave effective radiation were observed at the noon and sunset in a day, respectively. The surface surface albedo showed the variations of the "U" type in a day, which was lower in daytime than in morning and evening. Its diurnal minimum values in January and July were 0.68 and 0.12, respectively. The other parameters of micro-meteorology, such as moment flux, vertical wind speed, horizontal wind speed, friction velocity, were hight in the afternoon and low from night to morning in a day. The vertical wind speed ascended in a whole day in October, while descended in nighttime in other months, especially in winter. The Haibei alpine wetland had the strong heat source in summer, while became weak in the cold season. The soil temperatures of Haibei alpine wetland smoothly varied because its surface was covered by water for a long time. The period of soil temperature below 0℃ at the depths of 40 cm was less than two months, and that of 60 cm above 0℃ was all the year, which meant the seasonal frozen layer was thin.

Key words: Alpine wetland    Micro-meteorology    Diurnal changes    Radiation flux
收稿日期: 2006-02-14 出版日期: 2008-02-24
:  P461+.4  
基金资助:

中国科学院西部行动计划项目(KZCX2-XB2-06-01); 中日合作"温暖化影响的早期监测网络系统建设"项目共同资助

作者简介: 李英年(1962-),男,青海乐都人,副研究员,主要从事生物气象研究.E-mail:ynli@nwipb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

李英年, 王勤学, 杜明远, 赵新全, 赵亮, 徐世晓, 古松. 祁连山海北高寒湿地微气象日变化特征[J]. 高原气象, 2008, 27(1): 193-201.

LI Ying-nian, WANG Qin-xue, DU Ming-yuan, ZHAO Xin-quan, ZHAO Liang, XU Shi-xiao, GU Song. Diurnal Changes of Micro-Climate in Haibei Alpine Wetland in the Qilian Mountains. PLATEAU METEOROLOGY, 2008, 27(1): 193-201.

链接本文:

http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/        http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V27/I1/193

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