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高原气象  2017, Vol. 36 Issue (6): 1608-1618    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00011
论文     
利用再分析与探空资料对0℃层高度和地面气温变化特征及其相关性的分析
曹杨1,2, 陈洪滨1,3, 李军1, 苏德斌4
1. 中国科学院大气物理研究所中层大气和全球环境探测重点实验室, 北京 100029;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
3. 南京信息工程大学气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心, 江苏 南京 210044;
4. 成都信息工程大学电子工程学院, 四川 成都 610225
Characteristic and Correlation Between Surface Temperature and 0℃ Isotherm Height Derived from ERA-Interim Reanalysis and Radiosonde Data
CAO Yang1,2, CHEN Hongbin1,3, LI Jun1, SU Debin4
1. Key laboratory of Middle Atmosphere and Global Environment Observation, Institute of Atmospheric Physic, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3. Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, China;
4. College of Electronic Engineering, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, China
 全文: PDF(5550 KB)  
摘要: 利用北京多年ERA-Interim再分析资料和探空观测资料分析地面气温及0℃层高度特征,对比再分析资料和探空资料的差异,并利用北京和寿县资料分析0℃层高度与地面气温的相关性,拟合0℃层高度与地面气温的线性关系,另外,利用未参与公式拟合的观测资料进行验证。结果表明:地面气温与0℃层高度存在明显季节变化;与探空观测值相比,无论是全年还是分季节,再分析资料的地面气温和0℃层高度值都偏低,地面气温平均偏低2℃,0℃层高度平均偏低200 m;再分析与探空资料的相关性较好,相关系数都大于0.89;地面气温与0℃层高度的变化趋势一致,再分析资料和观测资料地面气温与0℃层高度的相关系数均大于0.9,20:00大于08:00(北京时),都通过了0.01的显著水平统计检验,且观测资料获得的线性关系优于再分析资料;线性拟合得到的地面气温与0℃层高度的线性关系,可为天气雷达判别0℃层和预报降水等应用提供辅助信息。
关键词: ERA-Interim再分析资料探空观测资料0℃层高度地面气温相关性分析    
Abstract: In this study, The correlation coefficient (R), bias (Bias), and mean absolute deviation (Mad) were calculated between the surface temperature and 0℃ isotherm height by using the ERA-Interim reanalysis data and station observation data of Beijing. The correlation of surface temperature and 0℃ isotherm height was analyzed. The fitting linear relationship of surface temperature and 0℃ isotherm height was obtained, and the usefulness of the relationship also was proved by using other set of observation data. The results indicate that there is a good correlation between ERA-Interim reanalysis data and site observation data for both surface temperature and 0℃ isotherm height in four seasons and 10 years studied with R larger than 0.89; R values for the surface temperature and 0℃ isotherm height from the reanalysis data are little lower than those from the site observation data and the bias are mostly less than 2℃ and 200 m. The surface temperature and 0℃ isotherm height exhibit the similar characteristics of seasonal variation with R larger than 0.8, both from the reanalysis data and observation data, and R at 20:00 (Beijing time) is slightly larger than that at 08:00, which all have passed the statistically significant level at 0.01. the correlation coefficient R between the calculated and observed 0℃ isotherm height is very high with the acceptably small Bias, and Mad. So, 0℃ isotherm height calculated with the relationship between the surface temperature and 0℃ isotherm height can be applied to other practical use.
Key words: ERA-Interim reanalysis data    observation data    surface temperature    0℃ isotherm height    correlation analysis
收稿日期: 2016-04-12 出版日期: 2017-12-20
ZTFLH:  P412.2  
基金资助: 气象行业专项项目(GYHY201106046);国家自然科学基金项目(41275039,41375039);北京市自然科学基金项目(8141002);国家高技术研究发展计划项目(2014AA06A512)
通讯作者: 陈洪滨.E-mail:chb@mail.iap.ac.cn     E-mail: chb@mail.iap.ac.cn
作者简介: 曹杨(1989),女,四川资中人,博士研究生,主要从事大气探测数据的分析应用.E-mail:caoy@mail.iap.ac.cn
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引用本文:

曹杨, 陈洪滨, 李军, 苏德斌. 利用再分析与探空资料对0℃层高度和地面气温变化特征及其相关性的分析[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(6): 1608-1618.

CAO Yang, CHEN Hongbin, LI Jun, SU Debin. Characteristic and Correlation Between Surface Temperature and 0℃ Isotherm Height Derived from ERA-Interim Reanalysis and Radiosonde Data. PLATEAU METEOROLOGY, 2017, 36(6): 1608-1618.

链接本文:

http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00011        http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V36/I6/1608

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