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高原气象  2018, Vol. 37 Issue (1): 1-12    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00010
论文     
高原夏季风对中国夏季极端降水的影响研究
龙妍妍1, 范广洲2, 李飞1, 段炼1, 冯琬1, 张永莉2, 邓伟1, 路平平3
1. 中国民用航空飞行学院, 四川 广汉 618307;
2. 成都信息工程大学大气科学学院/高原大气与环境四川省重点实验室, 四川 成都 610225;
3. 牡丹江气象局, 黑龙江 牡丹江 157000
Study on the Influence of Plateau Summer Monsoon for Summertime Extreme Precipitation over China
LONG Yanyan1, FAN Guangzhou2, LI Fei1, DUAN Lian1, FENG Wan1, ZHANG Yongli2, DENG Wei1, LU Pingping3
1. Civil Aviation Flight University of China, Guanghan 618307, Sichuan, China;
2. College of Atmospheric Sciences, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, China;
3. Meteorological Bureau of Mudanjiang, Mudanjiang 157000, Heilongjiang, China
 全文: PDF(8669 KB)  
摘要: 利用NCEP/NCAR月平均再分析资料和571站逐日降水资料,探讨了高原夏季风对中国夏季极端降水的影响机制。结果表明:(1)高原夏季风强(弱),东北、黄河河套、华南和四川西部地区夏季极端降水偏少(多),长江流域、南疆、青藏高原东侧边缘地区夏季极端降水偏多(少)。(2)中国东部从北向南呈现出明显纬向带状的"-+-"遥相关型相关分布。(3)中高层环流系统特征、中低层风场特征、水汽输送特征和湿位涡特征是高原夏季风对夏季极端降水影响的物理机制。
关键词: 高原季风极端降水相关分析机制    
Abstract: By using NCEP/NCAR monthly reanalysis data and the daily precipitation data of 571 stations, the influence mechanism of the plateau summer monsoon for the extreme precipitation in the summer of China are analyzed. The results show that:(1)In the strong(weak) index years of plateau summer monsoon, it had little(a lot of) extreme precipitation in Northeast China, Yellow River, South China and the western region of Sichuan in summer, however it had a lot of(little) extreme precipitation in Yangtze River basin, the southern Xinjiang, the eastern edge of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau region in summer. (2)It showed obvious zonal bands "-+-" teleconnection pattern correlation distribution from north to south in the east of China. (3)The atmospheric circulation system characteristic of middle and high layer, the wind field characteristic of middle and low layer, the water vapor transport characteristic and the moist potential vorticity characteristic are considered influence physical mechanisms of the plateau summer monsoon for the extreme precipitation in the summer.
Key words: Plateau monsoon    extreme precipitation    related analysis    mechanism
收稿日期: 2016-05-06 出版日期: 2018-02-20
ZTFLH:  P462.4+1  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(91537214,41275079,41305077,41405069,41505078);中国民用航空飞行学院重点项目(ZJ2014-02,ZJ2016-02);中国民用航空飞行学院青年基金项目(Q2018-119);成都信息工程大学科研项目(J201516,J201518)
作者简介: 龙妍妍(1985-),女,辽宁抚顺人,工程师,主要从事气候变化研究.E-mail:longyanyan1985@126.com
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引用本文:

龙妍妍, 范广洲, 李飞, 段炼, 冯琬, 张永莉, 邓伟, 路平平. 高原夏季风对中国夏季极端降水的影响研究[J]. 高原气象, 2018, 37(1): 1-12.

LONG Yanyan, FAN Guangzhou, LI Fei, DUAN Lian, FENG Wan, ZHANG Yongli, DENG Wei, LU Pingping. Study on the Influence of Plateau Summer Monsoon for Summertime Extreme Precipitation over China. PLATEAU METEOROLOGY, 2018, 37(1): 1-12.

链接本文:

http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00010        http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I1/1

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