Please wait a minute...
高原气象  2018, Vol. 37 Issue (1): 240-252    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00033
朱智, 师春香, 张涛, 王佳强
国家气象信息中心, 北京 100081
Applicability Analysis of Four Soil Moisture Reanalysis Datasets in China
ZHU Zhi, SHI Chunxiang, ZHANG Tao, WANG Jiaqiang
National Meteorological Information Center, Beijing 100081, China
 全文: PDF(18615 KB)  
摘要: 利用国家气象信息中心提供的"中国农业气象土壤水分数据集(1981-2010年)(V1.0)"中150个农业气象站的土壤湿度观测资料,对2001-2010年CFSR、ERA-Interim、NCEP R-1和NCEP R-2四套再分析土壤湿度资料在中国区域的适用性进行了比较与评估。结果表明:(1)从空间分布来看,四套再分析资料都可以正确描述出中国区域土壤湿度的分布特征,但是NCEP R-1对于青藏高原土壤湿度的模拟存在一定的问题;(2)从时间变化来看,CFSR再分析资料能够较好地描述了土壤湿度的时间变化,而NCEP R-2再分析资料表现得较差;(3)从土壤湿度的季节循环看,在表层,CFSR和ERA-Interim再分析资料模拟地比较好,而NCEP R-1和NCEP R-2再分析资料出现了高估现象;而在深层,除NCEP R-1外,其他三种再分析资料都可以较好地模拟出土壤湿度的季节循环。
关键词: 土壤湿度再分析资料空间分布时间变化    
Abstract: The exchange process of water, heat and momentum between land surface and atmosphere is called land surface process. Soil moisture is an important physical parameter in land surface process research, and also is an important index to verify the accuracy of hydrological process in land surface process simulation, which receives extensive attention from researchers in different fields. Although soil moisture is very important to climate and drought research, relevant researches are hindered by temporal and spatial limitation of soil moisture observation data, so soil moisture reanalysis datasets, which have advantages of global coverage, long time series and spatial and temporal continuity, are often used as alternative data in land-atmosphere interaction research. Because each reanalysis datasets use different numerical prediction models and assimilation methods, there are some data quality differences, especially quality inconsistency of various soil moisture reanalysis datasets, so it is essential to evaluate applicability of various soil moisture reanalysis datasets in China, which can provide beneficial reference to climate and drought research. The historical soil moisture observation data of China mainly originate from agricultural meteorological observation stations built by China Meteorological Administration, and these data are mainly kept in paper form, which have not been used wildly and effectively. In 2014, National Meteorological Information Center finished digitization and quality control work of historical soil moisture observation data, and developed the "China Agricultural Meteorology Soil Moisture Dataset (1981-2010) (V1.0)", which provides a newer and more reliable soil moisture observation data for soil moisture reanalysis datasets assessment. Using soil moisture observing data of 150 agricultural meteorology stations from "China Agricultural Meteorology Soil Moisture Dataset (1981-2010) (V1.0)" provided by National Meteorological Information Center, we compared and analyzed four soil moisture reanalysis datasets:CFSR, ERA-Interim, NCEP R-1 and NCEP R-2's applicability in China. The results show that:(1) In the aspect of spatial distribution, four reanalysis datasets can basically describe the spatial distribution of soil moisture in China, but NCEP R-1 reanalysis dataset has problems in western Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau soil moisture simulation; (2) In the aspect of time variation, CFSR can well describe time series of soil moisture, and NCEP R-2 has the worst performance over four reanalysis datasets; (3)In the aspect of seasonal cycle of soil moisture, in surface layer, CFSR and ERA-Interim are better, NCEP R-1 and NCEP R-2 overestimated soil moisture in simulation; In deep layer, except for NCEP R-1, other three reanalysis datasets can basically simulate the seasonal cycle of soil moisture.
Key words: Soil moisture    reanalysis datasets    spatial distribution    time variation
收稿日期: 2016-11-21 出版日期: 2018-02-20
ZTFLH:  P468  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(91437220);公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201506002)
通讯作者: 师春香     E-mail:
作者简介: 朱智(1991-),男,安徽蚌埠人,助理工程师,主要从事陆面过程与气候变化研究
E-mail Alert


朱智, 师春香, 张涛, 王佳强. 四套再分析土壤湿度资料在中国区域的适用性分析[J]. 高原气象, 2018, 37(1): 240-252.

ZHU Zhi, SHI Chunxiang, ZHANG Tao, WANG Jiaqiang. Applicability Analysis of Four Soil Moisture Reanalysis Datasets in China. PLATEAU METEOROLOGY, 2018, 37(1): 240-252.


Dee D P, Uppala S M, Simmons A J, et al, 2011. The ERA-Interim reanalysis:configuration and performance of the data assimilation system[J]. Quart J Roy Meteor Soc, 137(656):553-597.
Henderson-Sellers A, Yang Z L, Dickinson R E, 1993. The project for intercomparison of land-surface parameterization schemes[J]. Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 74(7):1335-1349.
Hodges K I, Lee R W, Bengtsson L, 2011. A comparison of extratropical cyclones in recent reanalyses ERA-Interim, NASA MERRA, NCEP CFSR, and JRA-25[J]. J Climate, 24(18):4888-4906.
Hohenegger C, Brockhaus P, Bretherton C S, et al, 2009. The soil moisture-precipitation feedback in simulations with explicit and parameterized convection[J]. J Climate, 22(22):5003-5020.
Jia B, Liu J, Xie Z, 2015. Evaluation of a multi-satellite soil moisture product and the Community Land Model 4. 5 simulation in China[J]. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences Discussions, 12(5):5151-5186.
Kanamitsu M, Ebisuzaki W, Woollen J, et al, 2002. NCEP-DOE AMIP-Ⅱ Reanalysis (R-2)[J]. Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 83(11):1631-1643.
Kalnay E, Kanamitsu M, Kistler R, et al, 1996. The NCEP/NCAR 40-year reanalysis project[J]. Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 77(3):437-472.
Kistler R, Collins W, Saha S, et al, 2001. The NCEP/NCAR 50-year reanalysis:Monthly means CD-ROM and documentation[J]. Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 82(2):247-268.
Li H, Robock A, Liu S, et al, 2009. Evaluation of reanalysis soil moisture simulations using updated Chinese soil moisture observations[J]. J Hydrometeor, 6(2):180-193.
Liu J G, Xie Z H, 2013. Improving simulation of soil moisture in China using a multiple meteorological forcing ensemble approach[J]. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences, 17(3):3467-3500.
Lu C H, Kanamitsu M, Roads J O, et al, 2005. Evaluation of soil moisture in the NCEP-NCAR and NCEP-DOE global reanalyses[J]. J Hydrometeor, 6(4):391-408.
Saha S, Moorthi S, Pan H L, et al, 2010. The NCEP climate forecast system reanalysis[J]. Bull Amer Meteor Soc, 91(8):1015-1057.
Wu W, Dickinson R E, 2004. Time scales of layered soil moisture memory in the context of land atmosphere interaction[J]. J Climate, 17(14):2752-2764.
陈金明, 陆桂华, 吴志勇, 等, 2016. 19602009年中国夏季极端降水事件与气温的变化及其环流特征[J]. 高原气象, 35(3):675-684. Chen J M, Lu G H, Wu Z Y, et al, 2016. Change properties of summer extreme precipitation events and temperature and associated large-scale circulation in China during 19602009[J]. Plateau Meteor, 35(3):675-684. DOI:10. 7522/j. issn. 1000-0534. 2015. 00072.
除多, 杨勇, 罗布坚参, 等, 2016. MERRA再分析地面气温产品在青藏高原的适用性分析[J]. 高原气象, 35(2):337-350. Chu D, Yang Y, Luobu J C, et al, 2016. Applicability analysis of MERRA surface air temperature over the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau[J]. Plateau Meteor, 35(2):337-350. DOI:10. 7522/j. issn. 1000-0534. 2015. 00018.
崔文瑞, 高艳红, 彭雯, 2009. 两套土壤湿度再分析资料在黑河流域的对比分析[J]. 高原气象, 28(6):1274-1281. Cui W R, Gao Y H, Peng W, 2009. A comparative analysis of two soil moisture datasets in HeiHe River basin[J]. Plateau Meteor, 28(6):1274-1281.
李瑞青, 吕世华, 韩博, 等, 2012. 青藏高原东部三种再分析资料与地面气温观测资料的对比分析[J]. 高原气象, 31(6):1488-1502. Li R Q, Lü S H, Han B, et al, 2012. Preliminary comparison and analyses of air temperature at 2 m height between three reanalysis datasets and observation in the east of Qinghai-Xiang Plateau[J]. Plateau Meteor, 31(6):1488-1502.
林厚博, 游庆龙, 焦洋, 等, 2016. 青藏高原及附近水汽输送对其夏季降水影响的分析[J]. 高原气象, 35(2):309-317. Lin H B, You Q L, Jiao Y, et al, 2016. Water vapor transportation and its influences on precipitation in summer over Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and its surroundings[J]. Plateau Meteor, 35(2):309-317. DOI:10. 7522/j. issn. 1000-0534. 2014. 00146.
刘建国, 2013. 陆面水文过程集合模拟及其不确定性研究[D]. 北京:中国科学院大学. Liu J G, 2013. Ensemble simulation for land surface hydrologic process and its uncertainty[D]. Beijing:University of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
马柱国, 符淙斌, 谢力, 等, 2001. 土壤湿度和气候变化关系研究中的某些问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 16(4):563-568. Ma Z G, Fu C B, Xie L, et al, 2001. Some problems in the study on the relationship between soil moisture and climate change[J]. Adv Earth Sci, 16(4):563-566.
马柱国, 黄刚, 甘文强, 等, 2005. 近代中国北方干湿变化趋势的多时段特征[J]. 大气科学, 29(5):671-681. Ma Z G, Huang G, Gan W Q, et al, 2005. Multi-scale temporal characteristics of the dryness/wetness over Northern China during the last century[J]. Chinese J Atmos Sci, 29(5):671-681.
刘强, 杜今阳, 施建成, 等, 2013. 青藏高原表层土壤湿度遥感反演及其空间分布和多年变化趋势分析[J]. 中国科学(地球科学), 43(10):1677-1690. Liu Q, Du J Y, Shi J C, et al, 2013. Analysis of spatial distribution and multi-year trend of the remotely sensed soil moisture on the Tibetan Plateau[J]. Science China Earth Sciences, 43(10):1677-1690.
王硕甫, 2012. 西南地区土壤湿度特征[C]//中国气象学会年会. Wang S P, 2012. Characteristics of soil moisture in Southwest China[C]//Annual meeting of Chinese Meteorological Society.
刘川, 余晔, 解晋, 等, 2015. 多套土壤温湿度资料在青藏高原的适用性[J]. 高原气象, 34(3):653-665. Liu C, Yu Y, Xie J, et al, 2015. Applicability of soil temperature and moisture in several datasets over Qinghai-Xizang Plateau[J]. Plateau Meteor, 34(3):653-665. DOI:10. 7522/j. issn. 1000-0534. 2015. 00034.
秦艳慧, 吴通华, 李韧, 等, 2015. ERA-Interim地表温度资料在青藏高原多年冻土区的适用性[J]. 高原气象, 34(3):666-675. Qin Y H, Wu T H, Li R, et al, 2015. Application of ERA product of land surface temperature in permafrost regions of Qinghai-Xizang Plateau[J]. Plateau Meteor, 34(3):666-675. DOI:10. 7522/j. issn. 1000-0534. 2014. 00151.
孙丞虎, 李维京, 张祖强, 等, 2005. 淮河流域土壤湿度异常的时空分布特征及其与气候异常关系的初步研究[J]. 应用气象学报, 16(2):129-138. Sun C H, Li W J, Zhang Z Q, et al, 2005. Distribution and variation features of soil humidity anomaly in Huaihe River basin and its relation with climatic anoaly[J]. J Appl Meter Sci, 16(2):129-138.
孙小龙, 宋海清, 李平, 等, 2015. 基于CLDAS资料的内蒙古干旱监测分析[J]. 气象, 41(10):1245-1252. Sun X L, Song H Q, Li P, et al, 2015. Anlysis of drought monitoring in Inner Mongolia based on CLDAS Data[J]. Meteor Mon, 41(10):1245-1252.
孙玉婷, 高庆九, 闵锦忠, 2013. 再分析温度资料与西藏地区冬、夏季观测气温的比较[J]. 高原气象, 32(4):909-920. Sun Y T, Gao Q J, Min J Z, 2013. Comparison of reanalysis data and observation about summer/winter surface air temperature in Tibet[J]. Plateau Meteor, 32(4):909-920. DOI:10. 7522/j. issn. 1000-0534. 2012. 00087.
张佳华, 姚凤梅, 2000. 陆地表面复杂过程中植物生态系统的作用[J]. 水土保持学报, 14(4):55-59. Zhang J H, Yao F M, 2000. Function of plant ecosystem in land surface complex process[J]. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 14(4):55-59.
张文君, 周天军, 宇如聪, 2008. 中国土壤湿度的分布与变化I. 多种资料间的比较[J]. 大气科学, 32(3):581-597. Zhang W J, Zhou T J, Yu R C, 2008. Spatial distribution and temporal variation of soil moisture over China Part I:Multi-data intercomparison[J]. Chinese J Atmos Sci, 32(3):581-597.
张晓影, 2009. 中国区域土壤湿度特征分析及评估[D]. 北京:中国地质大学. Zhang X Y, 2009. Analysis and assessment of soil moisture in China[D]. Beijing:China University of Geosciences.
赵天保, 符淙斌, 2009. 几种再分析地表气温资料在中国区域的适用性评估[J]. 高原气象, 28(3):594-606. Zhao T B, Fu C B, 2009. Applicability evaluation of surface air temperature from several reanalysis datasets in China[J]. Plateau Meteor, 28(3):594-606.
朱晨, 师春香, 席琳, 等, 2013. 中国区域不同深度土壤湿度模拟和评估[J]. 气象科技, 41(3):529-536. Zhu C, Shi C X, Xi L, et al, 2013. Simulation and assessment of soil moisture at different depths in China area[J]. Meteor Sci Technol, 41(3):529-536.
左志燕, 张人禾, 2008. 中国东部春季土壤湿度的时空变化特征[J]. 中国科学:地球科学, 38(11):1428-1437. Zuo Z Y, Zhang R H, 2008. Spatial and temporal variation of soil moisture in the spring of Eastern China[J]. Science China Earth Sciences, 38(11):1428-1437.
[1] 杨淑华, 吴通华, 李韧, 朱小凡, 王蔚华, 余文君, 秦艳慧, 郝君明. 青藏高原近地表土壤冻融状况的时空变化特征[J]. 高原气象, 2018, 37(1): 43-53.
[2] 邓国卫, 孙俊, 阮贵宾, 马振锋. 四川省暴雨洪涝灾情特征及主汛期环流背景分析[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(6): 1521-1532.
[3] 欧阳琳, 阳坤, 秦军, 王岩, 卢麾. 喜马拉雅山区降水研究进展与展望[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(5): 1165-1175.
[4] 吴子君, 张强, 石彦军, 金时强, 张红丽. 多种累积降水量分布函数在中国适用性的讨论[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(5): 1221-1233.
[5] 王毅, 何立富, 代刊, 郭云谦. 集合敏感性方法在高原涡和西南涡引发暴雨过程中的应用[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(5): 1245-1256.
[6] 王希强, 陈仁升, 刘俊峰. 气候变化背景下祁连山区负积温时空变化特征分析[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(5): 1267-1275.
[7] 张婷, 高庆九, 孙玉婷. 不同时间尺度下中国东部夏季最高温度观测与再分析资料的比较[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(2): 468-479.
[8] 白晓平, 王式功, 赵璐, 尚可政, 刘晓潭, 明如军. 西北地区东部短时强降水概念模型[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(5): 1248-1256.
[9] 张红丽, 张强, 刘骞, 颜鹏程. 中国南方和北方气候干燥程度的变化特征及差异性分析[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(5): 1339-1351.
[10] 陈锋, 董美莹, 冀春晓. 综合分析法在复杂地形气温精细格点化中的应用[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(5): 1376-1388.
[11] 王田野, 吴通华, 李韧, 谢昌卫, 邹德富, 秦艳慧, 余文君, 王蔚华. 两种再分析月平均气温资料在蒙古国的适用性评估[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(3): 651-661.
[12] 除多, 杨勇, 罗布坚参, 边巴次仁. MERRA再分析地面气温产品在青藏高原的适用性分析[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(2): 337-350.
[13] 翟颖佳, 李耀辉, 徐影. RCPs情景下中国北方地区干旱气候变化特征[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(1): 94-106.
[14] 李江林, 余晔, 刘川. 青藏高原与黄土高原过渡区雷暴活动特征及东亚夏季风的影响[J]. 高原气象, 2015, 34(6): 1575-1583.
[15] 秦艳慧, 吴通华, 李韧, 谢昌卫, 乔永平, 陈浩, 邹德富, 张乐乐. ERA-Interim地表温度资料在青藏高原多年冻土区的适用性[J]. 高原气象, 2015, 34(3): 666-675.