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高原气象  2018, Vol. 37 Issue (1): 253-263    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00023
论文     
基于带约束项广义变分同化AIRS云影响亮温研究
王根1,2, 张建伟3, 温华洋1, 杨寅4
1. 安徽省气象信息中心 安徽省大气科学与卫星遥感重点实验室, 安徽 合肥 230031;
2. 中国气象局沈阳大气环境研究所, 辽宁 沈阳 110000;
3. 南京信息工程大学数学与统计学院, 江苏 南京 210044;
4. 国家气象中心, 北京 100081
Generalised Variational Assimilation of Cloud-affected Brightness Temperature of AIRS Data based on the Constraint Terms
WANG Gen1,2, ZHANG Jianwei3, WEN Huayang1, YANG Yin4
1. Anhui Meteorological Information Centre Anhui key lab of atmospheric science and satellite remote sensing, Hefei 230031, Anhui, China;
2. The Institute of Atmospheric Environment, China Meteorological Administration, Shenyang 110000, Liaoning, China;
3. College of Mathematics and Statistics, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, China;
4. National Meteorological Center of China, Beijing 100081, China
 全文: PDF(7329 KB)  
摘要: 经典变分同化基于误差服从高斯分布理论,在同化受云影响的红外探测器通道亮温时,需进行云检测或只同化权重函数峰值位于云顶之上的通道亮温。在云检测过程中需对亮温进行严格的质量控制以剔除"离群值",导致丢失大量有用数据。文中基于带约束项非高斯模型的广义变分对高光谱大气红外探测器(Atmospheric Infra-Red Sounder,AIRS)受云影响亮温进行了初步的同化研究。在执行过程中,首先,动态选择AIRS通道形成通道子集。其次,把云参数(有效云量和有效云顶气压)作为辐射传输模式输入变量参与变分同化极小化迭代并用于通道子集亮温模拟。同化试验结果表明,对于高云,基于Cauchy-估计的变分同化反演结果最好,而对于中云和低云,基于Huber-估计得到了较好的同化反演结果。然而,在反演模式高层温度时,基于Fair-估计反而得到了较差的结果,但其对于湿度反演效果较为理想,其结果可能与Fair-估计分布的固有特点有关。带约束项广义变分同化方法对受云影响亮温的同化效果比经典变分方法的好,但依赖于M-估计的选取。
关键词: AIRS云参数非高斯约束项广义变分同化    
Abstract: Assimilated channel brightness temperature data from infrared sounders accounting for cloud effects has a positive effect on weather forecasting, especially in weather-sensitive areas. When cloud parameters including effective cloud fraction and effective cloud top pressure are considered in the simulation on channel brightness temperature of the infrared sounders, the deviation of brightness temperature follows strong Non-Gaussian. The classical variational assimilation requires the observational errors to follow a Gaussian distribution to apply the least-square principle. The least-squares method is sensitive to outliers; if the analyzed data contain gross errors, the parameter estimation is inaccurate. When processing the cloud-affected brightness temperature, cloud detection or assimilating specific channel brightness temperature with weight function peaks above the cloud top were needed. Useful data were lost through the cloud detection process to eliminate the so-called outliers. The outliers are not always harmful, which may represent new information, such as weather phenomena. At present, the quality control is generally based on a certain threshold value if the subjective uncertainty is too strong. If outliers persist after the quality control, the optimal parametric results obtained by the classical variational assimilation are meaningless. In this paper, Atmospheric Infra-Red Sounder (AIRS) brightness temperature channel which affected by cloud, were assimilated by generalized variation method from the constraint terms of Non-Gaussian model. It combines both the advantages of classical variational assimilation and robust M-estimators. Generalized one is coupled with quality control in the process of assimilation. The main idea is to use weighting factor of M-estimators to re-estimate the contribution rate of the observation items to the objective function in each process of objective function minimization based on the classical variational assimilation. The cost function contains the M-estimators to guarantee the robustness to outliers, thus to improve the assimilation results. Numerical algorithm steps of the generalized variational assimilation are as follows:Firstly, a channel set was formed by dynamically selecting AIRS channels based on the temperature Jacobian matrix in each field-of-view (FOV). Secondly, generalized variational assimilation of cloud parameters, which were input variables in radiative transfer model (such as, RTTOV), were involved in the variational minimisation iteration process, and were used to simulate AIRS brightness temperature of channel set. Assimilation experiment demonstrated that for high clouds, the Cauchy estimator inversion results are the best, whereas for the mid and low clouds, the Huber estimator provides the best results. However, the inversion results for temperature in the high level of model is worse using the Fair estimator, and, on the contrary, the inversion results for humidity are good. These results may reflect an inherent characteristic of Fair distribution. The assimilated results in cloud-affected brightness temperature are better by using generalized variation method than the classical method, but the former depends on selecting M-estimator weight functions. The preliminary results also demonstrated the potential application value of generalized variational assimilation.
Key words: AIRS    cloud parameters    non-Gaussian    constraint terms    generalized variational assimilation
收稿日期: 2016-10-26 出版日期: 2018-02-20
ZTFLH:  P405  
基金资助: 安徽省自然科学基金项目(1708085QD89);中国气象局沈阳大气环境研究所开放基金项目(2016SYIAE14);公益性行业(气象)科研专项(GYHY201406028);淮河流域气象开放研究基金项目(HRM201407)
通讯作者: 张建伟.E-mail:zhjwnuist@126.com     E-mail: zhjwnuist@126.com
作者简介: 王根(1983-),男,江苏泰州人,博士研究生,主要从事卫星资料同化、GRAPES数值模拟和多源数据融合研究E-mail:203wanggen@163.com
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引用本文:

王根, 张建伟, 温华洋, 杨寅. 基于带约束项广义变分同化AIRS云影响亮温研究[J]. 高原气象, 2018, 37(1): 253-263.

WANG Gen, ZHANG Jianwei, WEN Huayang, YANG Yin. Generalised Variational Assimilation of Cloud-affected Brightness Temperature of AIRS Data based on the Constraint Terms. PLATEAU METEOROLOGY, 2018, 37(1): 253-263.

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http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00023        http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I1/253

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