Please wait a minute...
高级检索
高原气象  2018, Vol. 37 Issue (3): 651-661    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00049
论文     
南亚高压伊朗高压型与新疆夏季降水的联系
赵勇1, 王前2, 黄安宁2
1. 成都信息工程大学大气科学学院, 四川 成都 610225;
2. 南京大学大气科学学院, 江苏 南京 210093
Relationship between Iran High Pattern of South Asia High and Summer Precipitation in Xinjiang
ZHAO Yong1, WANG Qian2, HUANG Anning2
1. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, China;
2. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, Jiangsu, China
 全文: PDF 
摘要: 基于1979-2013年新疆88个站点逐日降水资料和ERA-Interim再分析资料,揭示了南亚高压伊朗高压型(简称伊朗高压型)与新疆夏季(78月)降水的联系。结果表明,伊朗高压型是南亚高压近35年来夏季出现最多的模态,对新疆北部和东部夏季降水具有重要影响。当伊朗高压型中心偏西时,新疆大部降水偏多,反之偏少;当伊朗高压型中心南北移动时,对降水的影响类似,说明高压中心经向移动对降水的影响要大于纬向。伊朗高压型的“南北振荡”,具体指伊朗高压中心偏西,脊线南北变化与新疆夏季降水的联系。当脊线偏北时,新疆上空受气旋环流控制,低纬热带海洋水汽沿青藏高原东侧绕流进入新疆上空,对应新疆大部地区夏季降水偏多,偏南降水偏少;当伊朗高压型中心偏东时,脊线变化对降水影响有限。伊朗高压型中心经向移动主要受青藏高原和伊朗高原加热影响,而纬向移动与帕米尔高原和阿拉伯半岛加热密切联系。
关键词: 新疆南亚高压伊朗高压型夏季降水    
Abstract: Based on the ERA-Interim reanalysis data and daily precipitation data which was provided by 88 observational stations in Xinjiang, the relationship between the Iran High pattern of South Asia High and summer (July and August) precipitation in Xinjiang during 1979-2013 were analyzed. The results showed that the most frequency of South Asia High was Iran High pattern for recent 35 years, which had close relations with summer rainfall in Xinjiang. When the center of Iran High pattern shifted further west, it would cause more summer precipitation in Xinjiang, and vice verse; When the center of Iran High pattern shifted further south or north, it would cause similar anomalies of summer rainfall in Xinjiang, which indicated that the center moving of Iran High pattern along longitude have more important effects than the center moving of Iran High pattern along latitude. The "south and north oscillation" of Iran High pattern showed that when the center of Iran High pattern shifting further west and north, which could cause the anomalous cyclone over Xinjiang and wet air moving into Xinjiang along the east side of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, so it received more summer rainfall in Xinjiang; When the center of Iran High pattern shifting further east, the change of high ridge had limited effects on the summer rainfall in Xinjiang. The heating over Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and Iran Plateau has important effects on the center moving of Iran High pattern along latitude, and the heating over the Pamirs Plateau and Arabian Peninsula has close relations with the center moving of Iran High pattern along longitude.
Key words: Xinjiang    South Asia High    Iran High pattern    summer precipitation
收稿日期: 2017-03-23 出版日期: 2018-06-24
ZTFLH:  P461+.3  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(91437109,41375101,91537102);成都信息工程大学科研基金项目(KYTZ201709)
作者简介: 赵勇(1979),男,新疆昌吉人,副研究员,主要从事干旱区气候变化和模拟研究.E-mail:zhaoyong@idm.cn
服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
赵勇
王前
黄安宁

引用本文:

赵勇, 王前, 黄安宁. 南亚高压伊朗高压型与新疆夏季降水的联系[J]. 高原气象, 2018, 37(3): 651-661.

ZHAO Yong, WANG Qian, HUANG Anning. Relationship between Iran High Pattern of South Asia High and Summer Precipitation in Xinjiang. Plateau Meteorology, 2018, 37(3): 651-661.

链接本文:

http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00049        http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I3/651

Bao X, Zhang F, 2013.Evaluation of NCEP-CFSR, NCEP-NCAR, ERA-Interim, and ERA-40 reanalysis datasets against independent sounding observations over the Tibetan Plateau[J].J Climate, 26(1):206-214.DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00056.1.
Berrisford P, Dee D, Poli P, et al, 2011.The ERA-interim archive:Version 2.0[R].ERA report series, 1.
Dee D P, Uppala S M, Simmons A J, et al, 2011.The ERA-Interim reanalysis:Configuration and performance of the data assimilation system[J].Quart J Roy Meteor Soc, 137(656):553-597.DOI:10.1002/qj.828.
Huang G, Qu X, Hu K M, 2011.The impact of the tropical Indian Ocean on South Asian high in boreal summer[J].Adv Atmos Sci, 28:421-432.
Huang W, Feng S, Chen J H, et al, 2015.Physical mechanisms of summer precipitation variations in the Tarim Basin in northwestern China[J].J Climate, 28:3579-3591.DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00395.1.
Mason R B, Anderson C E, 1963.The development and decay of the 100-MB summertime anticyclone over Southern Asia[J].Mon Wea Rev, 91(1):3-12.
Qian Y F, Zhang Q, Yao Y H, et al, 2002.Seasonal variation and heat preference of the South Asia High[J].Adv Atmos Sci, 19(5):821-836.DOI:10.1007/s00376-002-0047-3.
Yanai M, Esbensen S, Chu J H, 1973.Determination of bulk properties of tropical cloud clusters from large-scale heat and moisture budgets[J].J Atmos Sci, 30 (4):611-627.
Zhao Y, Huang A N, Zhou Y, et al, 2014.Impact of the middle and upper tropospheric cooling over central Asia on the summer rainfall in the Tarim Basin[J].J Climate, 27:4721-4732.
岑思弦, 巩远发, 赖欣, 等, 2014.青藏高原东部与其北侧热力差异与高原季风及长江流域夏季降水的关系[J].气象学报, 72 (2):256-265.Ceng S X, Gong Y F, Lai X, et al, 2014.The relationship of the thermal contrast between the eastern Tibetan Plateau and its northern side with the plateau monsoon and the precipitation in the Yangtze River basin in summer[J].Acta Meteor Sinica, 72 (2):256-265.DOI:10.11676/qxxb2014.020.
黄秋霞, 赵勇, 何清, 2013.基于CRU资料的中亚地区气候特征[J].干旱区研究, 30(3):396-403.Huang Q X, Zhao Y, He Q, 2013.Climatic characteristics in central Asia based on CRU data[J].Arid Zone Res, 30(3):396-403.
黄燕燕, 钱永甫, 2004.长江流域, 华北降水特征与南亚高压的关系分析[J].高原气象, 23(1):68-74.Huang Y Y, Qian Y F, 2004.Relationship between South Asian High and characteristic of precipitation in mid-and lower-reaches of Yangtze river and north China[J].Plateau Meteor, 23(1):68-74.
黄樱, 钱永甫, 2004.南亚高压与华北夏季降水的关系[J].高原气象, 23(6):602-607.Huang Y, Qian Y F, 2004.Relationships between South Asian High and summer rainfall in north China[J].Plateau Meteor, 23(6):602-607.
李菲, 段安民, 2011.青藏高原夏季风强弱变化及其对亚洲地区降水和环流的影响-2008年个例分析[J].大气科学, 35 (4):694-706.Li F, Duan A M, 2011.Variation of the Tibetan Plateau summer monsoon and its effect on the rainfall and the circulation in Asia-A case study in 2008[J].Chinese J Atmos Sci, 35 (4):694-706.DOI:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2011.04.09.
李跃清, 1996.1981年和1982年夏半年高原地区低频振荡与南亚高压活动[J].高原气象, 15(3):276-281.Li Y Q, 1996.The low-frequency oscillation over the Qinhai-Xizang Plateau and the activities of te Shouth Asia High during the summer half year in 1981 and 1982[J].Plateau Meteor, 15(3):276-281.
李跃清, 2000.青藏高原上空环流变化与其东侧旱涝异常分析[J].大气科学, 24(4):470-476.Li Y Q, 2000.Analysis of circulation variations over the Tibetan Plateau and drought-flood anomalies on its eastern side[J].Chinese J Atmos Sci, 24(4):470-476.
刘惠云, 2001.新疆夏季降水异常与100 hPa南亚高压月平均环流特征的相关分析[J].新疆气象, 24(3):9-11.Liu H Y, 2001.Correlation analysis between anomalous precipitation in Xinjiang and monthly mean circulation features of South Asia High in summer[J].Bimonthly of Xinjiang Meteorology, 24(3):9-11.
刘维成, 张强, 傅朝, 2017.近55年来中国西北地区降水变化特征及影响因素分析[J].高原气象, 36(6):1533-1545.Liu W C, Zhang Q, Fu Z, 2017.Variation characteristics of precipitation and its affecting factors in Northwest China over the past 55 years[J].Plateau Meteor, 36(6):1533-1545.DOI:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2017.00081.
罗四维, 钱正安, 王谦谦, 1982.夏季100 hPa南亚高压与我国东部旱涝关系的天气气候研究[J].高原气象, 1(2):1-10.Luo S W, Qian Z G, Wang Q Q, 1982.The climatic and synoptical study about about the relation between the Qinhai-Xizang high pressure on the 100 hPa surface and the flood and drought in east China in summer[J] Plateau Meteor, 1(2):1-10.
马振峰, 2003.高原季风强弱对南亚高压活动的影响[J].高原气象, 22(2):143-146.Ma Z F, 2003.Impact of strong/weak Plateau summer monsoon on South Asia High activity[J].Plateau Meteor, 22(2):143-146.
钱永甫, 张琼, 2002.南亚高压与我国盛夏气候异常[J].南京大学学报:自然科学版, 38(3):295-307.Qian Y F, Zhang Q, 2002.The South Asian High and its effects on China's mid-summer climate abnormality[J].Journal of Nanjing University (Natural Science), 38(3):295-307.
钱永甫, 1978.青藏高原气象论文集(19751976)[M].兰州:中国科学院兰州高原大气物理研究所, 199-212.Qian Y F, 1978.Meteorological symposium for Tibetan Plateau (19751976)[M].Lanzhou:Lanzhou Institute of Plateau Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 199-212.
钱永甫, 周宁芳, 毕云, 2004.高层大气温度和高度场异常对我国地面气温和降水的影响[J].高原气象, 23(4):417-428.Qian Y F, Zhou N F, Bi Y, 2004.Analyses of the impact of upper-level temperature and height anomalies on surface air temperature and precipitation in China[J].Plateau Meteor, 23(4):417-428.
陶诗言, 朱福康, 1964.夏季亚洲南部100毫巴流型的变化及其与西太平洋副热带高压进退的关系[J].气象学报, 34(4):385-396.Tao S Y, Zhu F K, 1964.The 100-mb flow patterns in south Asia in summer and its relation to the advance and retreat of the West-Pacific subtropical anticyclone over the far east[J].Acta Meteor Sinica, 34(4):385-396.
王春学, 马振峰, 秦宁生, 等, 2016.近50年川渝盆地夏季降水多尺度变化特征[J].高原气象, 35(5):1191-1199.Wang C X, Ma Z F, Qin N S, et al, 2016.Multi-scale variation of the summer rainfall over Sichuan-Chongqing Basin in recent 50 years[J].Plateau Meteor, 35(5):1191-1199.DOI:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2015.00094.
王前, 赵勇, 陈飞, 等, 2017.南亚高压的多模态特征及其与新疆夏季降水的联系[J].高原气象, 36(5):1209-1220.Wang Q, Zhao Y, Chen F, et al, 2017.Characteristics of different patterns of south Asia High and their relationships with simmer precipitation in Xinjiang[J].Plateau Meteor, 36(5):1209-1220.DOI:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2016.00123.
杨莲梅, 张庆云, 2007a.南疆夏季降水异常的环流和青藏高原地表潜热通量特征分析[J].高原气象, 26(3):435-441.Yang L M, Zhang Q Y, 2007a.Surface latent heat flux characteristics over Tibetan Plateau and circulations of summer precipitation anomalies in south Xinjiang[J].Plateau Meteor, 26(3):435-441.
杨莲梅, 张庆云, 2007b.新疆北部汛期降水年际和年代际异常的环流特征[J].地球物理学报, 50(2):412-419.Yang L M, Zhang Q Y, 2007b.Circulation characteristics of interannual and interdecadal anomalies of summer rainfall in north Xinjiang[J].Chinese J Geophys, 50(2):412-419.
张家宝, 苏起元, 孙沈清, 等, 1986.新疆短期天气预报指导手册[Z].乌鲁木齐:新疆人民出版社.Zhang J B, Su Q Y, Sun S Q, 1986.The guiding manual of short-range weather forecast in Xinjiang[Z].Urumchi:Xinjiang People's Publishing House.
张琼, 1999.南亚高压的演变规律, 机制及其对区域气候的影响[D].南京:南京大学, 1-148.Zhang Q, 1999.Laws of variation, mechanism and regional climatic effects of the South Asia High[D].Nanjing:Nanjing University, 1-148.
张琼, 钱永甫, 张学洪, 2000.南亚高压的年际和年代际变化[J].大气科学, 24(1):67-78.Zhang Q, Qian Y F, Zhang X H, 2000.Interannual and interdecadal variations of the South Asia High[J].Sci Atmos Sinica, 24(1), 67-78.
张琼, 钱正安, 1997.关于夏季南亚高压的进一步研究:Ⅱ.与我国西北地区降水关系的统计分析[J].高原气象, 16(1):52-62.Zhang Q, Qian Z A, 1997.The further study about south Asia High in summer Ⅱ.Statistic analyses of relationship between it and precipitation distribution over northwest China[J].Plateau Meteor, 16(1):52-62.
张琼, 吴国雄, 2001.长江流域大范围旱涝和南亚高压的关系[J].气象学报, 59(5):569-577.Zhang Q, Wu G X, 2001.The large area flood and drought over Yangtze River valley and its relation to the south Asia High[J].Acta Meteor Sinica, 59(5):569-577.
张长灿, 李栋梁, 王慧, 等, 2017.青藏高原春季地表感热特征及其对中国东部夏季雨型的影响[J].高原气象, 36(1):13-23.Zhang C C, Li D L, Wang H, et al, 2017.Characteristics of the surface sensible heat on the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau in the spring and its influences on the summertime rainfall pattern over the Eastern China[J].Plateau Meteor, 36(1):13-23.DOI:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2016.00028.
赵勇, 李如琦, 杨霞, 等, 2013.5月青藏高原地区感热异常对北疆夏季降水的影响[J].高原气象, 32(5):1215-1223.Zhao Y, Li R Q, Yang X, et al, 2013.Impact of the anomaly of surface sensible heat in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and its surrounding areas on summertime precipitation in northern Xinjiang[J].Plateau Meteor, 32(5):1215-1223.DOI:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2012.00117.
郑飒飒, 李跃清, 齐冬梅, 等, 2014.青藏高原夏季风对长江中下游气候的影响及与南亚高压的联系[J].高原山地气象研究, 34(2):30-38.Zheng S S, Li Y Q, Qi D M, et al, 2014.The impact of Tibetan Plateau summer monsoon on the climate of the Yangtze River Basin and contact with South Asia[J].Plateau Mountain Meteor Res, 34(2):30-38.
周利敏, 陈海山, 彭丽霞, 等, 2016.青藏高原冬春雪深年代际变化与南亚高压可能联系[J].高原气象, 35(1):13-23.Zhou L M, Chen H S, Peng L X, et al, 2016.Possible connection between interdecadal variations of snow depth in winter and spring over Qinghai-Xizang Plateau and South Asia High in summer[J].Plateau Meteor, 35(1):13-23.DOI:10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2014.00152.
朱福康, 陆龙骅, 陈咸吉, 1980.南亚高压[M].北京:科学出版社.Zhu F K, Lu L H, Chen X J, 1980.South Asia High[M].Beijing:Science Press.
朱文妹, 1987.南亚高压季节性位移及其对我国东部地区雨带的影响[A].气象科学技术集刊[M].北京:气象出版社, 131-l36.Zhu W M, 1987.The seasonal shift of South Asia High and its effects on the rain belt in eastern China[A].Meteorological Scientific and Technical Sinica[M].Beijing:Meteorological Press, 131-136.
[1] 王前, 赵勇, 陈飞, 杨青, 黄安宁. 南亚高压的多模态特征及其与新疆夏季降水的联系[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(5): 1209-1220.
[2] 徐小玉, 王亚非. 利用RegCM4.0模拟5-8月青藏高原异常加热的下游效应[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(5): 1169-1181.
[3] 白彬人, 胡泽勇. 高原热力作用对高原夏季风爆发的指示意义[J]. 高原气象, 2016, 35(2): 329-336.
[4] 许建伟, 高艳红. WRF模式对夏季黑河流域气温和降水的模拟及检验[J]. , 2014, 33(4): 937-946.
[5] 周长艳;蒋兴文;李跃清;蔚国才. 高原东部及邻近地区空中水汽资源的气候变化特征[J]. 高原气象, 2009, 28(1): 55-63.
[6] 梁玲, 吕世华, 柳媛普. 黄土高原植被变化对环境影响的数值模拟[J]. 高原气象, 2006, 25(4): 575-582.
[7] 方之芳, 张丽. 夏季NCEP资料质量和20世纪70年代东亚热低压的突变[J]. 高原气象, 2006, 25(2): 179-189.
[8] 孙继松 . 气流的垂直分布对地形雨落区的影响[J]. 高原气象, 2005, 24(1): 62-69.
[9] 白虎志, 董文杰, 马振锋. 青藏高原及邻近地区的气候特征[J]. 高原气象, 2004, 23(6): 890-897.
[10] 范广洲, 程国栋 . 青藏高原隆升对西北干旱气候形成影响的模拟(I):对大气环流影响 [J]. 高原气象, 2003, 22(s1): 45-57.
[11] 高学杰, 李栋梁, 赵宗慈, Filippo Giorgi . 温室效应对青藏高原及青藏铁路沿线气候影响的数值模拟 [J]. 高原气象, 2003, 22(5): 458-463.
[12] 张艳武, 吕世华, 李栋梁, 黄静 . 初冬青藏高原冻土过程的数值模拟 [J]. 高原气象, 2003, 22(5): 471-477.
[13] 李林, 王振宇, 秦宁生, 汪青春. 环青海湖地区气候变化及其对荒漠化的影响[J]. 高原气象, 2001, 21(1): 59-65.
[14] 王前, 赵勇, 陈飞, 杨青, 黄安宁. 南亚高压的多模态特征及其与新疆夏季降水的联系[J]. 高原气象, 2017, 36(5): 1209-1220.