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高原气象  2018, Vol. 37 Issue (5): 1264-1276    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2018.00012
论文     
北半球冬季不同PNA和NAO配置与中国降水的联系
王博1,2, 饶建1, 王华曌1,3, 生宸1,4,5
1. 南京信息工程大学气象灾害教育部重点实验室/气候与环境变化国际合作联合实验室/气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心, 江苏 南京 210044;
2. 甘肃省武威市古浪县气象局, 甘肃 古浪 733100;
3. 南京大学大气科学学院, 江苏 南京 210023;
4. 中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学与地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室, 北京 100029;
5. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
Different PNA and NAO Configurations and Their Relationship with China Precipitation in Boreal Winter
WANG Bo1,2, RAO Jian1, WANG Huazhao1,3, SHENG Chen1,4,5
1. Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education(KLME)/International Joint Laboratory on Climate and Environment Change(ILCEC)/Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters(CIC-FEMD), Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, China;
2. Gulang Meteorological Bureau, Gulang 733100, Gansu, China;
3. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China;
4. State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;
5. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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摘要: 使用NCEP/NCAR再分析资料、GPCC(Global Precipitation Climatology Centre)降水资料和中国气象局台站降水资料,系统研究了冬季太平洋-北美型遥相关(Pacific-North America,PNA)和北大西洋涛动(North Atlantic Oscillation,NAO)在年际尺度上的不同配置及其与我国冬季降水的可能联系。结果表明,在年际尺度上,冬季PNA与NAO两种遥相关无显著相关关系,两者的相关系数只有-0.13。PNA或NAO的正位相期间,我国华南沿海均出现了显著的降水正异常中心。根据两种遥相关的位相和强度,可将两者的配置划分为以下四种:PNA与NAO均为正位相(第一类配置),PNA为正位相但NAO为负位相(第二类配置),PNA与NAO均为负位相(第三类配置),PNA为负位相但NAO为正位相(第四类配置)。与单个PNA或NAO因子相比,PNA与NAO呈现不同极端位相配置类型时大气环流异常更强,但中国降水异常并不是单因子效应的简单叠加。GPCC和台站降水资料都表明,第一类配置时,黄河以南的降水表现为南涝北旱;第二类配置时,西南至华南西部偏旱,而长江出海口偏涝;第三类配置时,黄河以南整体偏旱;第四类配置时,东北东部、西南至华南西部偏涝,东南沿海偏旱。
关键词: 太平洋-北美型遥相关北大西洋涛动降水异常    
Abstract: By using the National Center for Environmental Prediction-National Center for Atmospheric Research (NECP/NCAR) monthly reanalysis data, the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) rainfall data, and the station precipitation data provided by the China Meteorological Administration, the four configurations of the extreme Pacific-North America (PNA) pattern and North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and their relationship with China precipitation were investigated. It is revealed that the PNA and NAO are nearly independent of each other on the interannual time scale with a correlation coefficient of -0.13 during 1950-2015. We classified PNA and NAO into four configurations:Extremely positive PNA and NAO (configuration I), positive PNA and negative NAO (configuration Ⅱ), extremely negative PNA and NAO (configuration Ⅲ), and negative PNA and positive NAO (configuration IV). Compared with the circulation anomalies related to one factor (PNA or NAO), those during different extreme configurations of PNA and NAO are relatively larger, which in turn induces different spatial patterns of the winter rainfall anomalies in China. Both GPCC and station precipitation data showed that, in configuration I, more rainfall appears in the south coastal China and the southeastern of Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau; while the Huaihe Valley is anomalously dry. In configuration Ⅱ, it is dry from the southwest China to the south coastal China, while the east coastal China is anomalously wet. In configuration Ⅲ, a nationwide drought is seen, especially of south to the Yellow River. However, when PNA and NAO are in their configuration IV, a large part of east China is anomalously wet, while the southwest China is significantly dry.
Key words: Pacific-North American pattern (PNA)    North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO)    anomalous winter rainfall pattern
收稿日期: 2017-10-17 出版日期: 2018-10-19
:  P426.61  
基金资助: 国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFA0602104);国家自然科学基金项目(41705024,41575041);南京信息工程大学科研启动基金项目(2016r060)
通讯作者: 饶建(1989-),男,江苏邳州人,讲师,主要从事平流层-对流层耦合和海气相互作用的研究.E-mail:raojian@nuist.edu.cn     E-mail: raojian@nuist.edu.cn
作者简介: 王博(1994-),男,甘肃古浪县人,助理工程师,主要从事地面测报、预报服务、农业气象等研究E-mail:wangbo_nuist@163.com
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王博, 饶建, 王华曌, 生宸. 北半球冬季不同PNA和NAO配置与中国降水的联系[J]. 高原气象, 2018, 37(5): 1264-1276.

WANG Bo, RAO Jian, WANG Huazhao, SHENG Chen. Different PNA and NAO Configurations and Their Relationship with China Precipitation in Boreal Winter. Plateau Meteorology, 2018, 37(5): 1264-1276.

链接本文:

http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2018.00012        http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I5/1264

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