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高原气象  2018, Vol. 37 Issue (5): 1440-1448    DOI: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2018.00018
综述     
基于区域气候模式未来气候变化研究综述
张磊1,2, 王春燕3, 潘小多1,4
1. 中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院/遥感与信息资源实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
3. 兰州大学学报编辑部, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
4. 中国科学院青藏高原研究所, 北京 100101
A Review of Future Climate Change Based on Regional Climate Models
ZHANG Lei1,2, WANG Chunyan3, PAN Xiaoduo1,4
1. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences//Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geospatial Science, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China;
2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3. Editorial Department of Journal of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China;
4. Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
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摘要: 随着全球气候变化愈加剧烈,区域气候的差异化特征越来越明显,单单利用全球气候模式对区域气候进行研究已经不能满足时空尺度的要求。由于区域气候模式具有更高的空间分辨率等优势,使用区域气候模式能够有效解决这一问题,目前区域气候模式已在全球范围内得到广泛应用。本文简述了区域气候模式发展历程、最新研究进展以及全球主流的动力降尺度区域模式,归纳了气候情景发展;分别从气温和降水两方面着重总结了区域气候模式在全球不同区域不同情景应用情况,分析了未来全球不同区域气候变化趋势,尽管不同研究者所使用模式存在差异,对未来降水预估不尽相同,区域性比较明显,但几乎所有研究一致认为未来全球仍将经历一个持续增暖过程。文章最后对区域气候模式模拟过程中存在的问题进行了概述并对未来区域气候模式发展方向进行了展望,给出中国区域气候模式未来发展方向。
关键词: 气候变化区域气候模式未来气候情景气温降水    
Abstract: Regional climate differentiation is becoming more and more obvious with global climate change, regional climate tends to be extreme. Droughts, heavy rainfall, heat waves, snow, super typhoons and other extreme weather events that have brought huge losses all over the world every year are very frequent across the global. Research on small-scale regional climate using the global climate models can't meet the requirements of spatial scale, temporal scale, the regional scale assessment of climate change and adaptation research. The global climate model reproduce climatic characteristics from large scale and it can't finely show the local information at different elevations. A full understanding of the inter-regional climate differences is very important for a more accurate prediction of future climate change. As the regional climate models have a more complete physical mechanism and higher spatial resolution, it has made a great deal of improvement over the global climate model and can solve the problem the global climate model faced and has been widely used in regional climate research, notable results have been achieved. In this paper, we sketched the development of the regional climate model, summarized the latest research progress in the regional climate model, the world's major regional climate models, and the development of climate scenarios. And we also summarized the general trend of climate change in different regions of the world from temperature and precipitation, research findings in different regions can help to have a better understanding of future climate change and also can help policymakers develop appropriate applicability strategies that will reduce the loss caused by climate change. Although the models used by the researchers may be different, the precipitation estimates are not the same, and there are significant regional characteristics in different region, almost all studies agree that in the future the world will continue to experience a process of sustained warming. Based on a summary of future climate change in different regions, then we discussed the current problems of the regional climate model, including the uncertainty of the model itself, the uncertainty of emissions scenarios and the complexity of the earth-atmosphere system. Finally, for the problems in the regional climate model, we summarized the solutions in term of current regional climate models, and looked forward to the development of the regional climate model and give the trend of the future regional climate model in China.
Key words: Climate change    regional climate model    future climate scenarios    temperature    precipitation
收稿日期: 2017-09-20 出版日期: 2018-10-19
:  P467  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目(41471292,91425303)
通讯作者: 潘小多(1978-),女,浙江瑞安人,副研究员,主要从事降尺度方法研究、陆面过程模型及大气驱动数据制备、降水遥感产品同化研究.E-mail:panxiaoduo@lzb.ac.cn     E-mail: panxiaoduo@lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 张磊(1992-),男,四川人,硕士研究生,主要从事未来气候情景下区域气候变化研究.E-mail:leizhang@lzb.ac.cn
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张磊, 王春燕, 潘小多. 基于区域气候模式未来气候变化研究综述[J]. 高原气象, 2018, 37(5): 1440-1448.

ZHANG Lei, WANG Chunyan, PAN Xiaoduo. A Review of Future Climate Change Based on Regional Climate Models. Plateau Meteorology, 2018, 37(5): 1440-1448.

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http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/10.7522/j.issn.1000-0534.2018.00018        http://www.gyqx.ac.cn/CN/Y2018/V37/I5/1440

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